The manufacturing of furniture is a craft, and there are different techniques used. Some of these are very old and others are new. There are also many different materials for furniture, which can make it beautiful and functional.
For example, IKEA uses particle board and plywood to create their furniture. Particle board is a dense, compressed wood made by sawdust and wood chips. It is lighter than solid wood, and can be used for drawers and shelves.
Wood, on the other hand, is the most commonly used material. Furniture is made from various types of wood, such as poplar, ash, or maple. These are then treated using methods like gluing, shredding, and heating. Sometimes they are stained, painted, or polished.
Another type of decorative woodwork is inlaid woodwork. Inlay is the process of applying patterns or designs on wooden surfaces. Ivory was often used to make inlay work, as seen in Egyptian and Greek pieces.
Another type of furniture is constructed from sheets. Sheets can be used for tabletops, or they can be turned into detailed parts. Other examples of plastic sheets are Precious Plastic Georgia and the Ultimate Guide to the Sheetpress. They can be used to create a sophisticated look and are available in a wide variety of colors.
Many of the manufacturing industries have started to use plastics and glass, as well as metals, to produce furniture. They are now more efficient and affordable. However, the process for upholstery furniture is still handcrafted. It involves a lot of work, and every detail must be perfect. To achieve this, the process must include prototyping, engineering, adjusting, and crafting.
When it comes to making furniture, it is important to think about the way the piece will be used. If it will be used to sit on, it will need to be heavy and durable. Hardwoods are usually strong and can be waxed and polished to preserve their color. Softwoods can be used for outdoor decks and window frames.
Some of the most famous furniture brands have chosen to make their furniture overseas. This includes IKEA, which is synonymous with affordable furniture. Others include Lala, Prad, and Johe. All of them have their own unique culture and approach to their factory operations.
Some of the large firms also make non-upholstered furniture. This includes chairs, tables, and other related items. Chairs are subject to more wear and tear than other types of furniture, and they require special attention. Unlike other types of furniture, chairmaking requires a separate branch of the craft. Typical chairs are constructed with odd angles, and they require the highest levels of strength.
Most furniture made in North America is made from wood. Decorative pieces are crafted from other materials, such as ivory, silver, and bronze. Metal has been used since ancient times for furniture decoration. Glass has been used for mirrorglass and as an illusionistic element in cabinets.
If you are interested in the process of how furniture is made, you can find out more on The New Shape of Craft. This video reveals the furniture manufacturing space and introduces an innovative production system.